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President:
Tony Tan
Prime Minister:
Lee Hsien Loong
Capital:
Singapore
Climate:
tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - northeastern monsoon (December to March) and southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
Geographic Coordinates:
Singapore is a small, heavily urbanised, island city-state in Southeast Asia, located at the end of the Malayan Peninsula between Malaysia and Indonesia. Singapore has a total land area of 719.1 square kilometres (277.6 sq mi). The Singapore area comprises mainland and other islands. The mainland of Singapore measures 50 kilometres (31 mi) from east to west and 27 kilometres (17 mi) from north to south with 193 kilometres (120 mi) of coastline. These figures are based on 2.515 metres (8 ft 3.0 in) High Water Mark cadastral survey boundaries. Singapore is separated from Indonesia by the Singapore Strait and from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor.
Area:
total: 697 sq km
land: 687 sq km
water: 10 sq km
Coastline:
193 kms
Natural Resources:
fish, deepwater ports
Population & its structure:
5,781,728 (July 2016 est.)
0-14 years: 12.94% (male 382,479/female 365,595)
15-24 years: 17.02% (male 484,355/female 499,940)
25-54 years: 50.45% (male 1,420,833/female 1,496,125)
55-64 years: 10.34% (male 299,446/female 298,562)
65 years and over: 9.24% (male 243,418/female 290,975) (2016 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.86 %
Median age:
34.3 years male: 34.2 years female: 34.4 years (2016 est.)
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