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Singapore – Roads

Singapore has made significant investments in road infrastructure over the years to ensure good connectivity for people and goods. However, this takes up precious land space. In 2012, there are 9,081 lane-km of roads in Singapore, which takes up 12% of land in Singapore.

Road ways in Singapore is monitored by the Government. To avoid congestion, Singapore has priced vehicle entry into its central business district since 1975.The pricing module has been revised from time to time. For roads, bridges and highways tolls are collected, which are then used for developing the transport infrastructure.

Road :-

 

2013

2014

Road Length (km)

 

 

Expressways

164

164

Arterial Roads

662

698

Collector Roads

571

578

Local Access Roads

2,055

2,055

 

 

 

Road Lane kms

 

 

Expressways

1,093

1,093

Arterial Roads

3100

3146

Collector Roads

1,593

1,599

Local Access Roads

3,392

3,394

 

 

 

No. of Flyovers

119

119

No. Vehicular Bridges

212

214

No. of Vehicular Underpasses / Tunnel

29

29

No. of Height Limit / Directional Gantries

197

201

 

 

 

No. of Traffic Lights

2,227

2,269

No. of ERP Gantries

74

77

 

 

 

Average Daily Passanger Journeys (in thousands)

4,240

4,428

Average Journey Distance (km)

9.6

9.5

 

 

 

Average Daily Traffic Volume Entering the City

289,000

300,400

 

 

 

Average Speed during peak hours (km/hour)

 

 

Expressways

61.6

64.1

Arterial Roads

28.9

28.9

 

 

 

Road Accidents Casualties

 

 

Fatalities

160

154

Injuries

9,751

9,834

 

 

 

Average Daily Vehicle – Kms travelled

 

 

MRT ( in thousand train km)

72.4

77.2

Bus ( in thousand bus km)

856.9

901.7

 

 

 

 

Road Signs –

The different types of road signs used in Singapore are: regulatory signs, warning signs, and information/directional signs. Road signs are suitably located to enable drivers to have sufficient time to react safely. Where necessary, traffic sign showing both destination and lane use are also provided. To ensure that road signs are legible, the LTA requires that they be located at a 950 angle away from the line of a straight highway to avoid the direct reflection from headlamp beams. All signs should also not be blocked by trees, thus, trees are not be planted within 75 m and 45 m in front of signs on expressways and other roads.

Roads Regulations –

The Road Traffic Act limits the speed of all vehicles travelling along Singapore roads to 50km/h, unless otherwise stated. LTA determines the speed limits, while TP enforces action against speed limit offenders.

Driving above the speed limit, or too fast for the current conditions, can have severe consequences for the people in the vehicle and other road users. The following speed limits are enforced by LTA to ensure everyone’s safety:

Type of Vehicle

Roads

Expressways

Tunnels

Cars & motorcycles

50km/h

70-90km/h

50-80km/h

Buses & coaches

50km/h

60km/h

50-60km/h

Light commercial vehicles (includes Light Goods Vehicles and small buses not exceeding 3.5 tonnes and seating capacity of up to 15 passengers)

50km/h

60-70km/h

50-70km/h

 Exceptions: Fire engines, Ambulances, and Government vehicles used by Singapore Police Force or the Singapore Civil Defence Force

 

Future Developments –

Cross Island Line - A line spanning the breadth of the country, running from Changi Airport and the developing residential area of Punggol in the East to the industrial parks of Jurong in the West. The exact alignment of the route is not yet determined but it will broadly run through central areas of Bukit Timah and relieve the pressure on the existing East-West Line.

Jurong Region Line – This line will serve the Jurong area in the West of the island. It is designed for the diverse needs of passengers in the area – from students at the local university, residents of local estates (currently in development) and commuters to Jurong Island and mainland industrial estates.

Downtown Line, Circle Line and North East Line – All three lines will be extended to respond to land use plans and to fully realise the benefits  from the new lines that will be built.

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